The lighting of any premises, including the kitchen, consists of artificial and natural lighting. Which light is right and creates a comfortable environment for work and leisure? The lighting must be uniform, soft, create sufficient and stable illumination of any objects and not form dark and deep shadows.
- 1 The value of lighting in the kitchen
2 Kitchen Lighting Criteria
- 2.1 Local and general lamps
- 2.2 Ceiling light decoration
- 2.3 Highlighting individual zones
- 2.4 Kitchen Island Lights
- 2.5 Dining area lighting
The value of lighting in the kitchen
Any of the lighting has certain criteria to recognize the light as wrong or right. Moreover, several factors are taken into account, which also have a significant impact on the conditions of kitchen lighting.
Natural light is created by scattered and direct sunlight. Light conditions change over night and night and depend, in this case:
- from the presence of clouds in the sky;
- from the geographical location of the city or town;
- window locations;
- the size of window openings;
- the level of pollution of the glass.
If the windows are oriented to the west or north, then they let in less light. The room must be decorated with bright materials for decoration, bright photos, because the light, falling on these surfaces, is reflected and increases the level of light.
We describe the stages of the illumination of the room depending on the color of the finish. The magnitude of the coefficient indicates the amount of illumination of the color of the walls, which remains after reflection.
- white - 0.9;
- cream - 0.8;
- light gray - 0.6;
- light green - 0.43;
- brown - 0.13.
Also, the quality of light significantly depends on the purity of the glass. Dusty and dirty windows hold up to 25% of the light. To the kitchen in the daytime was bright, you need to periodically wash the glass on the windows.
If for some reason there is not enough light during the daytime, it is desirable to “light up” the kitchen fluorescent lamps. They are quite economical and characteristics close to natural light. If the light from the sun is very much, then you can use blinds.
Artificial light helps in the evening to create a comfortable environment in the kitchen. Lamps must be bright, but not blinding. Lamp must evenly light the whole kitchen, excluding the glare from the walls, furniture, countertops, photos and not cause strong shadows.
Photo examples of kitchen lighting
Kitchen Lighting Criteria
Local and general lamps
These are completely different types of lighting and they create a different atmosphere in the room. With general lighting, the kitchen is flooded with quite bright lighting, when you can easily go about your business without requiring eye strain. The ceiling lamp, installed in the center of the room, directs the light to the top and evenly diverges around the room. There is a variant of directional light of a certain zone, for example, a working zone. In this case, the light of this lamp goes down.
But there is little general lighting when there are many types of work in the kitchen - cleaning, cooking, preparing food, washing dishes, eating and so on. The problem is perfectly solved by the ceiling local lighting, while the lamps are installed directly above the working area. Thus, the cooking plates, sinks, dining area, work surfaces, kitchen furniture, and even shelves or photos are highlighted. For this, ceiling fluorescent and spotlights, lamps of various designs and directions can be used.
Ceiling light decoration
As already described above, the function of general or ceiling light is to create a comfortable atmosphere in the evening in the kitchen. Overhead light is quite relevant in the case when the kitchen is combined with the living room, and there is no natural light in it. The most important thing during the planning of ceiling lights is that the lighting in the kitchen is not very annoying or very dim. In open layouts, the best option is using dimmer switches, they smoothly change the brightness. In the afternoon, if there is no need for a bright light, there is an opportunity to "muffle" the lamps. In the evening, the brightness set to maximum.
If the kitchen is small, then one common lamp is enough. If the kitchen is quite large, then you can install additional and more point. Another option - a few lamps on the ceiling, located at equal distances. It so happens that it is not advisable to fill the entire room brightly, choosing powerful lamps, but to place chandeliers over the main functional areas, where, as a rule, the family is going to, some work happens, rest the owners houses and their acquaintances, for example, above the dining area and bar.
A very low ceiling does not need to be overloaded with lights, you should not mount them with long cords. An elegant cornice on the ceiling can be a great place to place small lamps that will illuminate the room with a diffused and pleasant light. When the ceiling height allows, can install lighting groups and cause decorative or bright lighting.
You can arrange the overall light using the eaves of kitchen furniture. Here you can evenly distribute the point of illumination devices and they will be enough for a comfortable atmosphere. If the furniture is not equipped with a cornice, then they can be placed on the movable or elastic brackets. This arrangement will allow adjust the direction of the light flux and highlight the necessary zone at this time.
Highlighting individual zones
The kitchen is a functional room, food is prepared here and the whole family gathers for breakfast or dinner. Often the top lighting is not enough near the sink or work surfaces. Priority must be given to local illumination, and the total only complement it.
Working lights are made by separate lamps. Perhaps there will be several. But local illumination is effective only when it is at a certain level, in a carefully thought-out place and allows you to brightly highlight a specific area:
- cooking stove;
- bar counter;
- dining area, etc.
Usually the hob can be perfectly illuminated by a lamp mounted in the hood. But, if auxiliary lamps are installed in the hood, in order to prevent eyestrain need to pick up light sourcessimilar in spectral properties.
The most popular way of arranging local lighting is lamps mounted under the shelves. The best way is the elongated lamps that scatter light and effectively illuminate a specific area. These lamps are invisible, they do not require a lot of space, they are easy to install.
For the arrangement of stand-alone lamps, you need to output individual switches or sockets. And if local lamps are embedded in kitchen furniture, then you can only pull the cable from the wallwhich will be located just above the bottom of hanging cabinets.
The table top must also be clearly visible. Hidden light sources do not interfere with the work and do not interfere with the use of kitchen utensils, which are sometimes quite a lot above the working area and directly on it. But when the owners houses like perfect order, and all the utensils are in cabinets and drawers, then local lighting can be done with original productswhich have the most fantasy forms.
Often, kitchen areas are illuminated with stand-alone lamps. Their choice is quite huge, the most important thing is that they do not contradict the style of the room. Some of the most popular types are lamps with clothespins. They can be fixed in any place and, if necessary, after being put in the closet.
Kitchen Island Lights
The kitchen-island is obliged to be illuminated with a common light, for example, with the help of point lamps located around the perimeter or installed on the ceiling cornice. Large attention should be paid to the island's highlightbecause it is here that all the major work is carried out.
The plate is very easy to highlight. This area is equipped with an exhaust hood with installed fixtures that create bright light. In combination with the overhead light this is enough.
If the island does not have a cooking plate, then effective lighting can be to make with lamps on long cords. Lighting should not blind, therefore, for these purposes are the best chandeliers with "milk" or frosted lampshades. Chandeliers should not go beyond the outlines of the island, they are best set along the axis of the tabletop. The number of chandeliers is not clearly regulated. They are selected according to specific conditions.
The most convenient and fashionable option is installation of special hinged constructionwhere the spotlight is installed. Most often on this design also place a variety of accessories or kitchen utensils.
Dining area lighting
The simplest option is considered to be a “hanging” lamp on a cord. A clear sign of home comfort are fabric fringed lampshades. From this option do not refuse today. It is relevant because the dining table is visible as efficiently as possible. And the shape and colors are selected based on the style of the room. The lamp shade can be selected avant-garde or simple, claim or original. The main thing is that the table is completely visible, and the rest of the decor can be filled with a pleasant twilight, diluted with multi-colored spots or stripes from the light passing through the lamp shade.
And how to highlight the dining area when the table is near the wall? The table can be illuminated mounted on the wall sconces. They should not be at very high altitude. The wall can be attached to a variety of sconces. It depends on the preferences of the owner. If there is enough space on the table, it can be highlighted with a table lamp with a beautiful shade. This will give the kitchen even more comfort, decorate the dining area and cause an intimate and pleasant atmosphere to relax in the evening.
If the table layout changes all the time, then it makes no sense to make a hole in the ceiling and install the lamp. In this case, the table can be highlighted with a desk lamp or a floor lamp.
A large table, where the whole family of several generations converges, can be distinguished by a group of point lamps located on the ceiling along the contour of the dining area. You can also use small lamps on long cords or install a barbell. Lighting can be set arbitrarily or in any order convenient to you, as well as create original compositions.
Making out the kitchen lighting it is necessary that it does not distort the natural look and color of the food, so that the food on the table looks appetizing and attractive. For this it is desirable to pick up lamps with a neutral spectrum. Scattered and soft light will cause a favorable environment. And for such a room as the kitchen is important.