According to statistical materials, 20% of the housing stock of Russia is equipped with electric stoves. Question: how to connect an electric stove with your own hands is relevant and for this reason is in the title of the article. This article will answer not only the question of how to connect the electric cooker on your own, will allow you to choose wire cross section, consider the wiring diagram, but will touch on many pressing issues in this sphere.
- 1 Questions that are considered an article
- 2 Types of household electric stoves
- 3 Preparatory work
- 4 Connection options for electric stoves
Questions that are considered an article
- types of household electric stoves;
- conditions, requirements and components necessary to connect the electric range to the apartment’s electrical network;
- the tool needed to connect;
- preparatory work.
Also, the article will answer the question: How to connect the electric cooker yourself with your own hands?
Types of household electric stoves
All electric cookers on the market can be divided by type. cooktop on the classic enameled and glass ceramic.
The upper panel of the classic enameled plates is covered with enamel and has built-in burners. The advantage of these plates are low cost, ease of maintenance and repair.
The enameled plates are resistant to mechanical damage. The main disadvantage of these plates is the long cooking time due to the fact that the burners are heated for a long time, and the power consumption depends on the duration of heating of the burners.
In glass-ceramic electric hobs, the cooking surface is made of a single high-strength glass-ceramic sheet. This coating has a significant thermal conductivity, so the cooking speed of such plates are close to the gas. The heating of the hob of the glass-ceramic stove occurs quickly in the zone of the burner. Glass ceramics are attractive and easy. cleaned with mild detergents. The disadvantages of electric stoves with glass-ceramic coating: it is prone to scratches when interacting with metal dishes, as well as the high cost of the plate compared to the classical one.
By type of burners electric stoves are:
- with spiral heaters elements;
- tape, in which the heater has the shape of a twisted tape;
- halogen with infrared emitter;
- induction (on eddy magnetic currents).
Oven plays a significant role in the choice of electric stove. Ovens are divided into static and multifunctional. If there is a heating mode at the same time from above and below, while the cabinet is equipped with a mechanical skewer, then this oven is of a static type. It provides uniform heating of dishes from all sides.
Multifunctional cabinets use convection, which provides a significant number of cooking modes. This increases the speed of cooking. Expensive models of electric stoves are equipped with a system automatic oven cleaning. In cheap models it is required to spend considerable time for cleaning.
The most popular manufacturers of household electric stoves are:
- Russia - Dream, Darina, DeLuxe, ZVI, Lysva;
- Belarus - Atlant (Atlant), Gefest (Hephaestus);
- Germany - Blomberg, AEG, Bosch;
- Italy - Ardo, Candy, Indesit;
- Slovenia - Gorenje
- Turkey - Beko, Vestel;
- Sweden - Electrolux, Zanussi.
Requirements, conditions and components necessary to connect the electric range to the mains in the apartment.
Household electric stoves are the most energy-intensive equipment of a modern apartment. For this reason, power supply must meet certain requirementswhich will be discussed below. The maximum declared (passport) power of electric stoves is in the range from 3.3 to 9.5 kW.
The main requirements for connecting a household electric stove are:
- the presence of a separate electrical wire to power the plate (free from the connection of any other load);
- compliance of the electrical rating of the power plate;
- the presence in the panel of the connection of a separate automatic switch corresponding to the power;
- possibility of grounding the body of the plate.
The tool needed to connect
To perform the work will require:
- cutting pliers;
- knife with a segment blade;
- the wiring phase determinant;
- electric tester.
Before starting work, it is necessary to make sure and bring into compliance devices for connecting electric stove, check the compliance of the wiring cross-section with the power of the connected plate As a rule, in the complete set of a new plate there is no electric wire, plug and socket, which must be purchased in the electrical goods store.
Before starting work, you should turn off the old stove, turn off the automatic outlet, remove the acquired electric stove how to connect out of the package, read the instructions, and prepare the installation tool.
Connection options for electric stoves
The overwhelming option for power supply in apartment buildings is the version with a single-phase network of 220 V. The figure shows the connection of electric. The wiring diagram is for a single-phase network option.
On the rear panel of the plate there is a terminal block (in the diagram it is represented by terminals 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and a sign of grounding) to connect the wire, which at the other end will end with a fork.
Terminals 1, 2 and 3 are called phase terminals (the letter L in the figure). The new plate, these terminals are connected by jumpers to connect the phase wire L.
Terminals 4 and 5 also are bridged and denoted by the letter N. A neutral (in Russia it is also called “neutral”, zero or “zero”) wire is connected to this terminal.
The sixth terminal denotes grounding (it can be designated by letters PE) to which the earth conductor is connected.
Thus, to connect the plate according to this option, you need a three-core copper wire. The wire cross section will depend on the power of the electric stove. The table shows the cross section of copper wire in mm 2 and the corresponding power rating plate and the amount of current to power the plate. How to connect the stove?
|Wire section, mm2||Passive power of electric stove, kW||Current, A (amps)|
From the plate to outlet, connection need to conduct stranded wires brand PVA or KG with the necessary cross-section of conductors. These brands are resistant to kinks with possible repeated bending during operation.
The power outlet and the plug must satisfy the load to be connected. That is, if the rated power, say, 5.9 kW, then the power outlet and the plug must be rated for a current of at least 27 A. In this case, use a three-phase plug and socket (kit) 32 A. The phase core of the slab must fit through a socket to a 32 A circuit breaker, which should be located in the electrical panel.
Accordingly, the zero terminal of the electric cooker should be through a wire, plug, socket, power wire connected to the “zero” in the electrical panel. Also connect and ground terminal.
In rural areas or in houses for individual living, it is possible to build a three-phase dwelling current voltage 380 volts. In this case, to ensure uniform load, each phase of the network should be connected separately to terminals 1, 2 and 3. Before this, the jumper between the terminals must be removed (see electrical connection diagram).
After checking the correctness of the connection of all connections, the plate is checked with the voltage turned on.