Providing high comfort in the residential sector without the installation of modern electronic household appliances today is almost impossible. It is for this reason that water heaters, air conditioners, dishwashers, convectors and other household items are increasingly entering our lives.
- 1 Benefits of using washing machines
2 Preparing to install
- 2.1 Washing machine installation: detailed process description
3 Connection to the water supply
- 3.1 Connection to sewer
- 4 Connecting the washing machine to electricity
Benefits of using washing machines
In matters of choice of household appliances need to build on individual preferences, material capabilities, and directly on the characteristics of technology.
Probably the most popular type of household appliances is a washing machine. This is due certain benefits its operation:
- Large range of functions performed.
- Minimization of manual labor.
- Great appearance.
- The possibility of integration into the intellectual system of the "smart home".
- Save time.
But after buying a long-awaited assistant, some people are interested in how to connect a washing machine and whether it can be done with your own hands. All stages of independent connection of the washing machine can be divided into such works. How to connect a washing machine?
Preparing to install
When the washing machine is bought and delivered home, you need to do a number of preparatory operations. First, you need to determine the location of the machine.
And though, by and large, as a place you can choose any room most often install a washing machine in the premises of household purposes (kitchen, bathroom, pantry, corridor, etc.).
When choosing the location of the washing machine should take into account such features:
- Aesthetic point of view.
- The proximity of utilities (electricity, sewage, plumbing) to connect the washing machine with their own hands.
- Optimal location based on exploitation.
- The presence of an even (preferably reinforced concrete) floor.
The next stage of preparation is dismantling of shipping elements. On this process, you need to pay special attention, as the work of the machine with these parts will necessarily lead to breakage.
As a rule, in the role of shipping elements are used wooden bars, staples, bolts - all these transport mechanisms need to be completely dismantled.
It is best to carry out this stage after reading the instructions or watching the video, where the procedure how to connect the washing machine is more clearly described.
Then, in the process of preparing the connection of the washing machine, you need to take care of the quality of the base on the floor at the place of the intended installation of the device. Here you need to fulfill several requirements:
- the base material must withstand the effects of aggressive exploitation;
- a horizontal surface is required;
- The base must be strong.
If the requirements described above do not meet, it is necessary to take measures that will facilitate them. That is, for these purposes, you may need make a screed on the floor or strengthen the already existing foundation.
As materials for connecting a washing machine, we advise you to stock up on such components.
Washing machine installation: detailed process description
Then, when all the preparatory work is completed, you can install the washing machine with your own hands. For this, it is best to use a plumb line or building level. The machine must be installed clearly horizontally, and the maximum deflection angle should not be more than 2 degrees.
Adjusting the level of the washing machine is necessary only by screwing or unscrewing the support legs of the device. It is prohibited to make adjustments by placing any materials under the supports, because during operation they can jump out from under the legs.
The only possible option in this regard is flooring. thin rubber mat. It is needed in the case of placing the machine on a sliding floor (tile).
Then, when the body of the machine is perfectly installed, it is done mechanical fixation of the legsby tightening the nut.
In order for the washing machine to serve as efficiently as possible, great attention must be paid to the installation process. Therefore, before connecting your own washing machine, you need to consider the following factors:
- When installed on the floor under a slope, you can use fixing elements for fastening supporting structures.
- The machine will be more stable with the maximum twisted adjusting legs (this circumstance is permissible only with an ideal surface of the main floor).
- Checking the installation can be done by swinging the machine diagonally. Free running should not be. If it is, then its amplitude must be the same for different diagonals.
Connection to the water supply
Before you connect the washing machine to the pipeline, you need to consider that this process is quite responsible and therefore you need to take it very seriously.
To make these connections complete with the machine, as a rule, comes hose with necessary fittings, but very often its length is not enough to connect the machine in the right place.
Therefore, the following methods of water supply are often used:
- Installing a larger hose (available in specialized stores).
- Stationary connection.
In the first case, the task is only to connect the product to the machine inlet and the water intake. Perform this process on the basis of certain conditions.
For a start, you need to lay the hose in the place least exposed to mechanical damage. Also, you do not need to connect the hose to the tightness, because during the operation of the machine, deformation caused by the device vibration may occur.
Well, in the end, do not forget about the quality of the purchased accessory. Since installed in aggressive conditions, this water supply is obliged to provide tight and durable connection.
In the second variant, the water supply is realized by means of laying stationary communications. What can be used as metal pipesand plastic systems.
Connecting a washing machine to the piping system using ordinary steel pipes is impractical because can form the pollution of the main elements of the machine with rust particles, which are formed in the cavity of this plumbing.
As in the first embodiment, the system is obliged to ensure reliable tightness and prevent leakage. At the same time, it should be noted that it is still not necessary to directly connect the stationary water supply system to the inlet of the apparatus (due to the appearance of vibration). The best option is use of flexible hose-adapter.
In both cases, connecting the washing machine to water line, you must ensure the following conditions:
- Use either ready-made outlets (to a drain tank or mixer) as connection points for water, connecting pipelines with the help of tees, or in advance to establish individual places of water intake (driving, connections).
- Before entering the washing machine, install special magnetic or mechanical filtration systems that allow you to supply purified water to the device.
- The connection is made using a locking mechanism (ball valve), which makes it possible to disable the user if necessary.
Connection to sewer
Despite the seeming ease of work, it is quite difficult to connect the car to the sewage system on its own. This is due to the physical features of this scheme.
A drain connection can be made in several ways: according to a temporary scheme (with the help of drain hose to the sides of the sink or bath); using a landline connection to sewer the system.
And if in the first embodiment the connection is limited to the standard connection of the drain hose to the outlet nozzle, in the second case it requires more significant labor costs.
Making the connection to the sewer machine, you need take into account such features: First, the size of the drain hose should not be more than the permissible value (as a rule, it is indicated in the instructions). And we must not forget that the elongation of the hose significantly increases the load on the pump and may cause faster breakdown of the device.
Second, connecting the hose to the sewer system need use special siphonsthat prevent sewage from the sewage system or unpleasant odors from entering the machine. Or install the hose so that it forms an air gap between the elements of the connection.
In this case, the shortest distance from the bend point to the level of the floor must be at least half a meter.
Often, experts advise to connect the drain hose in this case without sealing, in order to provide more optimal water outlet from the capacity of the washing machine, but this is optional.
Connecting the washing machine to electricity
Before you connect the machine to the network yourself, you need to carefully read the requirements for safety, see the video about connecting the washing machine to the mains and take all measures to performance of work.
Taking into account that the washing machine is a device with a high level of energy consumption and at the same time it is in contact with water all the time, the following requirements must be met when connecting to the network:
- Install individual power lines. This process involves the individual laying of cables to the washing machine.
- Install electrical protection elements. The installation of circuit breakers will be mandatory as the main protection element. As an additional protection, an RCD can be installed in the power line of the machine.
- Use the elements of the electrical circuit, which are suitable for operational and technical indicators. For example, you need to use a cable with three wires and a cross-sectional area of at least 1.5 mm. sq.
If we consider the installation of sockets, then they need to be connected according to the specified scheme. In this case, the prerequisite is grounding device. This wire should be connected only to the grounding bus of the electrical panel.
At the same time, it is very undesirable to use adapters for connecting a washing machine, because additional connections can create overheating of contacts, contributing to the failure of the device.
It is highly undesirable to put sockets for a washing machine in wet rooms, because the best option is to install them in adjacent rooms.
After all installation work is done trial run washing machines. To do this, include locking mechanisms for supplying water and supplying power. And you need to make sure in the absence of leaks and other defects.
According to the instructions of the manufacturer, the first start-up of the washing machine, as a rule, is made without linen, while the heating level set to maximum power (required to remove residual factory dirt). After successfully completed the wash cycle, the device is considered ready for everyday use.