Each of us, who take to repair the bathroom, wants the lighting of this room to be brighter than the others. In this article we will talk about the features of the bathroom lighting and its installations do it yourself
- 1 Features of lighting in the bathroom
- 2 Solutions for lighting the top of the bathroom
- 3 Outdoor lighting in the bathroom
- 4 Separating the bathroom into lighting zones
5 Installation of lighting in the bathroom with their own hands
- 5.1 Fastening of wires indoors
- 5.2 How to connect the wires in the box?
Features of lighting in the bathroom
As you can see from the photo, a key feature of the lighting fixtures installed in the bathroom is that they should have a brighter light than other rooms. This is necessary for two reasons:
- in the bathroom, people not only perform hygienic procedures, but also spend a lot of time in front of the mirror in order to clean up themselves. The place near the mirror requires bright light;
- even with windows in the bathroom, daylight will not be enough for daylight. therefore
When installing lighting fixtures, determine in advance such moments:
- select the desired size;
- select installation location;
- decide on the number of points to install lighting fixtures.
It is believed that the lighting in the bathroom should be placed in several levels. Depending on how they are placed depends on the quality of lighting in the bathroom. Therefore, the main task in the distribution of light is to make it so that it is moderately, not too small, but not very much.
We will consider examples of solutions for lighting such zones:
- ceiling zone:
- lighting for furniture and plumbing;
- outdoor area.
Lighting in the bathroom: examples
Solutions for lighting the top of the bathroom
If your bathroom is small, then one device is enough for good lightingplaced on top of the room. If the room is large, then the ceiling devices should be at least two or more, depending on the size.
However, regardless of the size of the bathroom, a large number of lighting fixtures are allowed. But here there is a rule: the more of them, so they must be smaller in size and have a small capacity. Here you can use small lamps with halogen bulbswhich are built in a stretch ceiling or a design from gypsum cardboard.
The lighting of the part above the mirror refers to the upper zone. The mirror zone can be perfectly illuminated with the help of individual lighting, but the ceiling or wall lamps can not always cope with this task. The lamp for mirror lighting you can choose to your taste, but only one will be quite sufficient, provided it is installed in the middle. There is also the option of installing two devices located on top of the corners of the mirror.
Another option for lighting the ceiling area is a floor lamp. However, floor lamps should be adjusted in height so that the bright light does not act as an irritant. The optimal level of its height is the level of a person's average height.
Outdoor lighting in the bathroom
Outdoor lighting will be more decorative in nature, since it is rare when it has practical value. However, special floor lights, which are used to illuminate garden paths, can act as decorative lighting for the bathroom floor. They can be both color and transparent. Colored lights at the same time would be appropriate only with the appropriate decor, when all the plumbing and decoration of the room have bright colors. But for a bath in a classic or discreet style in terms of shades, it is better to choose transparent lighting.
Separating the bathroom into lighting zones
To make it easier to choose the right solution for lighting a bathroom, you need to divide it into spatial zones, This is especially true for sophisticated design baths with niches and podiums, where each of the zones should be lit. separately.
The most illuminated objects should be the main objects:
- bath itself;
If necessary, the bright light can be scattered with special lampshades with a matte and white shade or small lamps located along the perimeter of the mirror. But colored lampshades from a design point of view, not every interior can fit in, so you should be careful with them.
Some bathtubs can be equipped with an internal lighting function, but these are exclusively expensive options. In other cases the bath should be illuminated with a guide lightwhich sets it apart from the general darkening of the room. To achieve this effect, a wall lamp with colored glass should be parallel to the bathroom on the wall. With a low ceiling light will be grouped in the right place and illuminate the bathing area.
Additionally, you can create lighting for the furniture located in the bathroom:
This will require small fixtures, thanks to which the bath will not only have an attractive appearance, but you will also be able to quickly find items on the shelves or in the boxes.
Installation of lighting in the bathroom with their own hands
Installation of lighting fixtures in the bathroom is carried out simultaneously with the laying of the cable for sockets. It is worth noting that wiring in the bathroom when the walls are not plastered will be much easier than to beat the grooves in the plaster. For the first option you will need attach the cable to the wall and bring the ends to the switch or lighting device.
The grooves are wall grooves, which in depth and width should correspond to the thickness of the laid material.
To lay the lighting, it is best to apply copper flat cablehaving a cross section of one and a half millimeters. It can be easily bent around when turning and it is convenient to use. Sometimes it is better to purchase a cable with a larger cross-section, since some manufacturers may underestimate marking data.
If there is grounding, you need to take a cable with three wires, and for the switches you will need a two-wire cable, which is also quite suitable in the absence of grounding.
In a room adjacent to the bathroom, place a junction box so that moisture does not get in, the box itself must be round and not have cogs. If not so long ago, in the adjacent room, repairs were carried out and the walls are not subject to beating, then you will need to take a sealed square the box, where the outlet for the wire is in the rubber seal, the cover with the screws should be closed as tightly as possible.
remember, that this box can never be hidden under the ceilingwith the exception of Armstrong ceilings with removable tiles. However, this type of ceiling for the bath is not suitable, so the boxes in the bathroom should crash right into the wall itself.
Switches for convenience should be installed from the outside of the bathroom. Under them in the wall follows cut a special hole for the bottom platethat should be put using alabaster. Blackboard It should not protrude from the wall, but it is also impossible to sink it in it. Another installation option is to use a special surface switch.
In the bathroom for fixtures do not need to make special holes. It is needed only in one place, when through the wall you need to pass all the wires for lighting devices, which will be connected to the power cable and switches. Also through this hole will pass and the cable under the outlet. The wire for lighting devices should be removed in the place of lighting and leave with the end of a length of about 30 cm. Similarly, do with floor lamps.
If you plan to turn on several devices using one switch, then they should be connected in series, and not pull on a separate cable from each of them.
Fastening of wires indoors
Inside the bathroom wires are attached in this way:
- using a 6 mm drill in the cable direction, drill holes in the wall every 30 centimeters;
- drive a 6 in 40 plastic dowel into these holes, and wind a broaching wire on the basis of corrugations or a small piece of copper wire onto their screws;
- Route the cable from the side of the switch, lamp or socket to the side of the box and fix it with wires. The twist should not be at the top so that it would be convenient to later plaster the wall;
- the cable for the sockets, which must be laid together with the lighting system, must have a cross-section of 1.5 square millimeters, except when you turn on washing machine. For this purpose copper cable will be needed with a cross section of 2.5 square millimeters, respectively. If a wire with a smaller cross-section is suitable for the box, the socket cable must be routed to the box if there is a power cable with a cross-section of at least 2.5 square millimeters.
How to connect the wires in the box?
The system of connecting the wires in the box is as follows:
- phase is denoted by red or pink;
- zero - in blue and other colors, respectively;
- with other colors, the phase will be maximum dark.
Take cable as an example. without grounding or, if it exists, it is assembled from each cable, the red wire will indicate the phase, and the blue one will indicate zero.
From the power cable, the phase should go to the switch, and then after it to the lamp. All zeros in the form of blue wires lighting should be connected in one twist. But on the outlet cable should be connected directly to the power cable.
High-quality twist is obtained when the length of the protected core is about six centimeters. All wires are twisted should be twisted well by hand or with the help of pliers, then they are isolated, first with thermal insulation tape on a fabric basis, and then simple. And after all the twisting should be distributed over the entire box, which is then covered with a lid.
To make it easier, the phase wires of the lighting devices and the incoming wires on the switches can be equipped with tags based on the painting tape, where the name of the cable is indicated with a pen or marker. Subsequently, you will not get lost in them. Then you should fix the devices, switches and socket. Check the electricity so that all lighting devices are turned on and off according to the corresponding switch for each of them, and the socket supplies electricity. And only after such a test, you can cover up the grooves, trim the walls, ceilings and floor. At the same time, it is highly desirable to put the last ones on the walls that are not equipped with plaster.
Now you know how to set up a high-quality lighting system in the bathroom, to distribute the lighting according to the working areas, thereby turning an ordinary bath into an attractive view design.