Currently, the repair in the kitchen often involves the subsequent purchase of new kitchen furniture. As practice shows, when installing a headset, there are often various problems with the location of sockets. The fact is that the socket installed in an unsuccessful place very often prevents the embedding of household appliances or the installation of cabinets with drawers and various pull-out systems. In addition to these subtleties, there are rules for the safe operation of electrical devices.
- 1 Why is it important to correctly design the number and location of sockets in the kitchen?
- 2 What to consider when designing a layout of outlets
- 3 The location of the sockets in height
- 4 How to properly position the outlet for each type of home appliances
- 5 The number of outlets in the kitchen
- 6 If sockets are installed before you buy kitchen furniture
Why is it important to correctly design the number and location of sockets in the kitchen?
Before you do electrical wiring in the kitchen, you should make a model of the future kitchen unit and, starting from it,
The fact is that the specialist usually knows the subtleties that arise when installing the headset, which are not taken into account by the buyer or the electrician, as well as the exact dimensions of the cabinets and other elements of the headset.
A great option when it is possible to chart the location of sockets in the kitchen with a sales assistant, and then coordinate it with an electrician, which will correct, if necessary, the scheme, taking into account the requirements of safety engineering and other standards.
If this is not possible, then you should independently draw up a scheme, taking into account the following factors and standards for the design of electrical equipment of residential premises.
What to consider when designing a layout of outlets
First of all, you need to decide what kind of home appliances will be installed and correctly position it on the room drawing. Making up in advance mock up, it is easy to avoid the problems associated with the transfer of outlets already in the process of installing furniture.
In no case should power points be located behind embedded equipment or behind cabinets with drawers with closers and sliding systems, such as cargo (bottlewoman), carousels, metal baskets. If there is a need to install an outlet just behind such a cabinet, then it is mounted at a height not exceeding the height of the furniture legs.
Sockets for installation are recommended to be installed next to the equipment, usually behind the next cabinet, in the back wall of which, if necessary, make a cutout. This cabinet, as is clear from the above, should not be equipped with complex retractable systems. Cabinet depth with simple drawers and the possibility of installation behind them the electrical sockets must be negotiated with the designer or seller-consultant of the furniture salon.
It must be borne in mind that every kitchen furniture manufacturer has its own standard for cabinet depth. In addition, if a kitchen is purchased on an individual project, for a specific room, it is often used various elements of kitchen furniture with non-standard depth. The point is that, starting to repair in the kitchen and installing electrical outlets, it is desirable to have on hand a ready-made kitchen layout, coordinated with a specific furniture salon.
The location of the sockets in height
If you have to design the layout of electrical outlets yourself, then you need to consider the following dimensions, affecting the location of sockets in height:
- the height of the headset legs;
- height from floor to top of the tabletop;
- the distance between the table top and wall cabinets ("apron");
- height of wall cabinets;
- height of floor cabinets.
Everything, further specified figures, assume the standard sizes:
- the height of the bottom of the kitchen (from the floor to the top of the countertop) —86 cm;
- “Apron” —60 cm;
- the height of wall cabinets is 92 cm.
If a non-standard kitchen height is chosen, then when designing the layout of electrical sockets, the dimensions below should be corrected by the amount of deviation from the standard.
How to properly position the outlet for each type of home appliances
Outlets for appliances built into lower cabinets, such as oven, dishwasher, refrigerator and washing machineshould be placed below the tabletop, that is, at a height of no more than 82 cm from the floor to the top of the sockets and, as already mentioned, in no case directly behind the appliances, but behind the adjacent cupboard.
If the oven or microwave is built into the pencil case, that is, above the countertop level, then power sockets should be installed in height below or above the equipment, and the width must be behind the cabinet for installation.
It should be noted that sockets for built-in appliances can be mounted at the height of the legs headset, it will avoid cuts in the walls of the cabinets. But the fact is that many household appliances, for such an arrangement, simply do not have enough cord length.
It is better to install the outlet for the refrigerator to the left or to the right of the refrigerator, depending on its location relative to the kitchen unit, at a height of 91 to 132 cm from the floor to the bottom of the outletin the "apron" zone. In this case, the socket does not fall on the tabletop or near the wall. At the same height it is convenient to install electrical sockets for small household appliances located on the table top. Install a power outlet for the fridge is not follows, as in this case he will come forward with respect to the furniture, which is ugly. The location of the outlet for the refrigerator behind one of its side walls will be unfortunate, since this outlet is inconvenient to use and is “eaten up”, such valuable in the kitchen space.
Sockets in the kitchen
It is important to remember that the sockets in no case can not be mounted directly above hob or washing for reasons of safe operation.
The outlet for the hood is most often installed above the wall cabinets, that is, with a standard kitchen height, from 240 cm from the floor to the bottom of the outlet. Here again, it should be remembered that the socket should not fall behind the hood itself. Many electricians advise to connect the hood to the network directly, with wires, without installing sockets. This connection option has only one advantage - aesthetics.
The number of outlets in the kitchen
When determining the number of sockets and the load on each, it should be remembered that the following household appliances need separate lines:
- exhaust hood;
- electric stove;
- oven with power from 5 kW.
If sockets are installed before you buy kitchen furniture
When installing a kitchen unit in an already repaired room, or in a room where repair is not planned, you may need to manufacture non-standard products, which will somewhat increase the cost of the kitchen and complicate project. This is due to the fact that household appliances and kitchen furniture items have a standard range of sizes. This means that when modeling the kitchen, taking into account the location of the already installed sockets, it will be necessary to “adjust” the headsets to the existing wiring diagram.
For example, the wall length is 260 cm. This allows you to install a fridge in the kitchen (standard - 60 cm), an oven with hob (standard - 60 cm), a cabinet under the sink (60 cm). Minus the size of standard elements (180 cm) 80 cm left for disposing of cupboards. It should be borne in mind that, next to the hob, neither a refrigerator (to avoid overheating) or a sink can be installed. Cutouts are made for the hob and sink in the worktop, which must be located at a distance of at least 5 cm from each other, otherwise the worktop may crack during installation.
So, in our example, there is only one option for the location of equipment and furniture: a refrigerator, a cabinet 40 cm, a cooktop, a cabinet 40 cm, a sink. In this case, it often turns out that in the only place where you can put the oven already installed outlet. The cabinet has to be shifted, while at the same time symmetry is broken, and at worst, it is necessary to resort to the manufacture of non-standard products. As already mentioned, this entails a rise in the cost of the kitchen, and for many manufacturers, an increase in the production time of the headset.
Thus, the best option when planning repairs in the kitchen and designing the layout of electrical sockets for home appliances, is a preliminary layout of the future headset, taking into account all the features of the room.