In order to avoid injuries at work, as well as various unpleasant consequences for the production, you should know all the safety regulations provided by all official prescriptions.
This article will discuss the basic rules of technical operation of electrical installations of consumers. Observing them, the user will be able to avoid getting serious injuries at the workplace or during household use of these devices.
1 General requirements
- 1.1 Video: Lecture on the Rules of Technical Operation of Electrical Installations of Consumers
2 Responsibility of consumers for the implementation of PTEEP
- 2.1 Video: Labor protection when working with electrical installations
3 Staff Requirements
- 3.1 Video: Organizational and technical measures for electrical safety
- 4 Management of electrical equipment
To begin with, general requirements will be given for the PTETD, which are designed to ensure the rational and safe use of electrical installations of consumers. This will prolong the equipment life.
- The rules must be observed by both consumers and individual organizations. In this case, the consumers covered by these rules are the owners of electrical installations whose voltage is above 1000 V.
- There are certain established requirements, according to which the accounting and subsequent investigation of violations of the rules for the operation of electrical installations are made.
- If the consumer has in use household appliances that are subject to mandatory certification, their operation is allowed only in the case of a special certificate of conformity household appliances and other equipment.
Video: Lecture on the Rules of Technical Operation of Electrical Installations of Consumers
Responsibility of consumers for the implementation of PTEEP
The consumer should be aware that all the necessary work and operations using the equipment should perform trained personnel with appropriate qualifications (provided that the electrical installation is used in production). It is possible that the entire operation of electrical installations takes the corresponding the company, while concluding the necessary contract with the production, on which there is a given equipment.
Also, in accordance with the existing rules, the user is obliged to operate the existing equipment in accordance with all existing operating and safety rules. In addition, it follows with a certain frequency carry out maintenance, as well as the necessary repairs.
Consumer responsibilities also include the selection of qualified technical personnel with the necessary skills and the ability to operate existing equipment. Should remember that the user is obliged to conduct a medical examination of the hired personnel in order to avoid possible health problems of employees.
The rules also spelled point on environmental protection. This means that any owner of an electrical installation should not forget about ecology. It follows that the operation of electrical installations must necessarily be carried out in accordance with all environmental regulations. The fact is that there are extremely frequent cases where the irrational use of electrical equipment led to significant environmental pollution.
Electrical installations must be equipped with all necessary means of protectionthat can help avoid various emergencies in production. Also, the user must take care of fire safety measures. This is a very important point, since electrical installations are quite fire-hazardous equipment.
There are also cases when the electrical installation is not used in production, but is used by one consumer in his own household. In this case, such user can get permission for self-exploitation of electrical equipment without the use of technical staff. This is done if the scope of work of the existing electrical installation is relatively small.
The user of the electrical installation must comply with all the conditions for operation prescribed by the existing rules.
Video: Labor protection when working with electrical installations
If the electrical installation is used in production, then you must have qualified personnel. This was stated above. Technical staff has instructions, in accordance with which is obliged to carry out the subsequent operation of the equipment:
- all staff members are required to possess the necessary skills to work with the equipment;
- There must be an electrical safety group in production. If the enterprise is large, then there may be several such groups;
- if necessary, may be instructed in labor protection;
- Testing of knowledge of standards, rules on labor protection, as well as on employees' awareness of fire safety must be carried out.
Video: Organizational and technical measures for electrical safety
Management of electrical equipment
The consumer’s electrical equipment management system must be integrated control system of electrical equipment of a consumer of electrical energy, which is an integral part of farm management. This system should provide the following:
- increase of safety, reliability and ensuring trouble-free operation of equipment;
- control over the technical condition of electrical installations;
- energy saving measures that will allow more efficient use of electricity;
- upgrade existing equipment;
- the development and implementation of new technology, which will improve the quality of the farm;
- management of electrical equipment through the use of its own energy sources by operational dispatch.
These are the main provisions of the rules relating to the management of electrical equipment. By following these guidelines, you can achieve a more rational result of the work of electrical installations. The rules for safe operation of electrical installations of consumers can help the user to better work with existing equipment.
Technical staff must be selected in accordance with existing skills and the necessary qualifications. This will help ensure the safe use of electrical equipment.
The safe operation of electrical installations is a very important point in any technical manual on work with such equipment, as it is designed to help the consumer avoid unpleasant situations on the production.